Yellow fever is a serious viral infection that is spread by certain types of mosquito. It is mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa, South America and parts of the Caribbean. The mosquito that spreads infection are usually active and bite during daylight hours, from dusk until dawn. They are found in both urban and rural areas.
The symptoms of yellow fever occur in two stages. In the first phase symptoms develop three to six days after being bitten and can include a high temperature, headache, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain, backache, and loss of appetite. This stage usually last three to four days and most people make a full recovery. However some of these people then go onto develop severe symptoms including jaundice, kidney failure, and haemorrhagic fever (bleeding from the mouth, nose eyes or stomach). Up to half who develop severe symptoms will die within 7-10.
Muscle Pain and Backache
Loss of Appetite
Countries at risk
Yellow fever occurs in sub-Saharan and west Africa, and tropical areas of South America. Most affected countries require a proof of yellow fever vaccination in the form of an International Certificate of vaccination before they let a traveller enter. This will only become valid 10 days after you have been vaccinated and are valid for life of the traveller. Failure to provide a valid certificate can lead to a traveller being quarantined, immunised or denied entry.
Advice for travellers
Even if you have been vaccinated you should still take steps to prevent mosquito bites. Apply a good-quality insect repellent to any exposed areas of skin Various types of repellents are available. Many contain 50% DEET (diethyltoluamide), but some are available that contain dimethyl phthalate, or eucalyptus oil if you are allergic to DEET.The use of mosquito nets and wearing loose, long sleeved clothing are also recommended.
There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, but is preventable by vaccination. Travellers to high risk areas may require a single dose of the live vaccine at least ten days before travelling.
From 9 months- One dose.
Meningitis ACWY For Hajj/Umrah
Meningitis symptoms can develop quickly and they can be difficult to spot as they as similar to symptoms of flu. Infection with meningitis is an emergency and requires admission into a hospital where you will be given antibiotics. All pilgrims to Saudi Arabia for Hajj or Umrah are required to show proof of vaccination in the last three years against meningitis ACWY.
Vaccination is required at least 10 days before you are due to travel and you will also receive a certificate as part of your vaccination.